Guidance

Intentionally added ingredients in final formulations are in scope for this KPI.


For this KPI, the threshold for intentionally added chemicals on the stewardship list is 100 ppm.  Intentionally added chemicals on the stewardship list below this threshold are not to be considered.


  • For C, chemicals on the stewardship list are those chemcials on any of the six authoritative and scientific lists referenced below.  Even when a list specifies a particular route of exposure, C measure the presence of checmials on thesteardship list regardless of the route of exposure.
  • Calculate C as the number of beauty and personal care products that you sell in the United States in this product category that contain any intentionally added formulation ingredients that are on the stewardship list, divided by the total number of beauty and personal care products that your organization sells in the United States in this product category, then multiply by 100.
  • For D, chemicals on the stewardship list are those chemicals on any of the six authoritative and scientific lists referenced below.  When a list specifies a particular route of exposure, D measures the presence of chemicals on the stewardship list when that route of exposure is relevant to consumers under conditions of instructed use or foreseeable misuse.  Foreseeable misuse is limited to consumer misuse during a product's intended application and does not include expsure from intentional misuse (e.g. ingestion of rinse-off skin products).
  • Calculate D as the number of beauty and personal care products that you sell in the United States in this product category that contain any intentionally added formulation ingredients that are on the stewardship list where exposure is relevant, divided by the total number of beauty and personal care products that your organization sells in the Untied States in this product category, then multiply by 100.
  • For D, authoritative or scientific hazard classifications where a route of exposure has been specififed include the following four chemicals identified by California Prop-65.
  1. Ethyl alcohol in alcoholic beverages
  2. Titanium dioxide (airborne, unbound particles of respirable size)
  3. Silica, crystalline (airborne particles of respirable size)
  4. Carbon black (airborne, unbound particles of respirable size)
  • For D, all other chemicals on California Prop-65 or any of the six lists identified are to be considered without context for the route of exposure.


Example-1:  Titanium Dioxide


  • For C, ALL products containing titanium dioxide are to be included in the numerator of the calculation.  For D, for products containing titanium dioxide (unbound particles of respirable size), ONLY those products that can become airborne during instructed consumer use or foreseeable misuse are to be included int he numerator of the calculation.


Example-2:  Ethyl alcohol


  • For C, ALL products containing ethyl alcohol are to be included in the numerator of the calculation.  For D, for products containing ethyl alcohol, ONLY those products that are ingested under conditions of instructed use or foreseeable misuse are to be included int eh numerator of the calculation.
  • For product categories without intentionally added formulation ingredients that are on the stewardship list with or without a specified route of exposure, enter zero for C.
  • For product categories without intentionally added formulation ingredients that are on the stewardship list, enter zero for C and D.


For this KPI, the "stewardship list" is comprised of all chemicals on the following published lists:

  • CA EPA Prop 65 - Reproductive and Developmental Toxicants, Carcinogens
  • EPA Toxics Release Inventory PBTs
  • EU - Cosmetics Regulation Annex II
  • EU - Priority Endocrine Disruptors (Categories 1, 2)
  • EU REACH - Annex XVII CMRs (Appendices 1-6)
  • IARC - Categories 1, 2A, 2B

These published lists have been referenced in public retailer chemical policies.



Resources

The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS):  GHS provides specific human and environmental health criteria along with physical hazard criteria for chemicals in industry. These criteria are used for hazard communication and labeling of chemicals.


EPA - Safer Choice:  The EPA Safer Choice program (previously Design for the Environment) provides a voluntary standard for product designers who wish to choose ingredients based on established criteria. In this program, all ingredients are reviewed and must meet strict criteria for various impacts (e.g., human health and the environment, carcinogenicity, reproductive/developmental toxicity).  Products meeting the standard are able to carry the Safer Choice label.


Definitions

Intentionally added chemical: A chemical that provides a function to the final formulation during consumer use or is present as a result of formulating a product for safe use by consumers (e.g., pH balancing by acids or bases). 


Unintentionally added ingredient: An ingredient that provides no function in a final formulation and is not present as a result of formulating a product for safe use by consumers (e.g., pH balancing by acids or bases). Unintentionally added
ingredients include chemical contaminants (naturally occurring impurities present in procured raw materials that are unintentionally incorporated into final formulations where they provide no function) and incidental chemicals (chemicals in raw materials present as a result of processing or for stabilization such as catalysts, solvents, residual monomers, reactive by-products, and raw material preservatives).