Intentionally added ingredients in final formulations are covered by this KPI, unintentionally added (incidental) ingredients are excluded.
- For B, online disclosure includes publicly accessible websites (desktop or mobile) as well as making ingredient information electronically available at shelf (e.g., via SmartLabel, QR code, or mobile apps). Electronic disclosure via these means must occur through manufacturer-based efforts and not via third party websites or services.
- For A1 and B1, proprietary materials can be disclosed to consumers using a generic term or other chemical descriptive name.
- For A2 and B2, intentionally added ingredients must be listed by the International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI) name. Specific names must be used for proprietary materials.
- For C, online disclosure includes publicly accessible websites (desktop or mobile) as well as making ingredient information electronically available at shelf (e.g, via SmartLabel, QR code, or mobile apps). Electronic disclosure via these means must occur through manufacturer-based efforts and not via third party websites or services.
- For C3, C4 and C5, ingredients must be listed by a scientific name such as the International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI) name, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) name, Chemical Abstract Service (CAS) name, or the common chemical name.
- For C3, the palette list may reference a list or subset list of the ingredients authored by the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) or another list that represents the fragrance materials used in the product.
- Fragrance ingredients present in the final formula above a level of 10 ppm must be disclosed.
- For C4, fragrance ingredients present in the final formula above a level of 100 ppm must be disclosed.
- For C5, fragrance ingredients present in the final formula above a level of 10 ppm must be disclosed.
- For D, examples of routes of disclosure to third parties for assessment include, but are not limited to, those listed in the Resources Section of this KPI.
EPA Safer Choice Program: EPA developed the Safer Choice program in which companies can voluntarily participate by researching and reformulating their product to meet Safer Choice standards in order to earn the Safer Choice Label on their products. Safer Choice reviews the formulation of ingredients in terms of environmental and human health risk, and characteristics of concern within a functional class against the Master and Functional-Class criteria documents.
Cradle to Cradle Certified Product Standard: Cradle-to-Cradle product Certification provides a standard of performance for manufacturers regarding product sustainability and material safety. Individual product assessments are performed by independent and trained third parties and certifications are made by the Cradle-to-Cradle Products Innovation Institute.
Grocery Manufacturer's Association - SmartLabel: SmartLabel provides a standardized approach for the ingredient disclosure of food, home, and personal care products to consumers. Ingredient information is accessible via manufacturer-based websites, QR codes on packages, or from the SmartLabel website.
International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC): IUPAC is a neutral scientific organization that is the authority on chemical nomenclature. IUPAC's goal is to unite the global chemical community through collaboration in order to advance the chemical sciences.
International Nomenclature of Cosmetic Ingredients (INCI): The INCI system was established by the Personal Care Products Council, the American trade association for cosmetics products, and maintains the 160,000 INCI name list of ingredients that are used in cosmetics and personal care products.
Chemical Abstract Service (CAS): The Chemical Abstract Service is a global organization that registers chemicals under unique numbers that are used for management and organization across organizations and industries.
Fragrance and flavor: Defined by SCCS: "Fragrance and flavor substances are organic compounds with characteristic, usually pleasant, odours. They are ubiquitously used in perfumes and other perfumed cosmetic products, but also in detergents, fabric softeners, and other household products where fragrance may be used to mask unpleasant odours from raw materials." Fragrances can be composed of natural or synthetic ingredients.
Intentionally added ingredient: An ingredient that provides a function in the final formulation or is present as a result of producing a final formulation for safe use by consumers.
Unintentionally added ingredient: An ingredient that provides no function in a final formulation and is not present as a result of formulating a product for safe use by consumers (e.g., pH, balancing by acids or bases). Unintentionally added ingredients include incidental ingredients and contaminants.